Sugar is good and the sugar granules are small. Can we cut small sugar granules? Yes! we can easily. Imagine the size the smallest sugar particle which could retain the sweetness after you cut it. If you keep cutting, you are going to reach a particle that can’t be divided again without losing sweetness. That smallest particle in the sugar that retains all of the qualities of sugar may be the molecule of sugar. The sugar molecule again may be divided, nonetheless it will not be sugar again. Dividing molecules again into smaller particles can be done. The smallest particle of matter whenever we divide molecule is referred to as an atom. That means molecules are formed because of the bonding of 2 or more atoms. Thus atoms will be the building blocks of molecules. Sugar molecule contains 12 carbon atoms, 22 hydrogen atoms and 11 oxygen atoms. Many such sugar molecules join together produce a sugar granule.
Before moving to learn how these atoms are joined, we are going to understand what elements like oxygen, hydrogen, carbon etc are. In order to learn it, we must realize yet another thing: an atom consists of subatomic particles namely protons, neutrons and electrons. Each atom features a positively charged nucleus that keeps attracting negatively charged electrons. The nucleus could be the permanent seat of protons and neutrons, whereas electrons keep revolving throughout the nucleus. An atom with only 1 electron the other proton is hydrogen(H) and Atom with 2 electrons and a pair of protons is helium(He), 3 each with Lithium(Li), 4 each with Beryllium(Be) and son.Thus, atoms are differentiated on the basis in the number of subatomic particles. In that way carbon has 6 electrons and oxygen has 8.
Formation of molecules
Electrons resemble small children. They do revolve round the nucleus in several shells and levels. These stamina are called sub shells and so are denoted with the letters s, p, d and f. The S subshell has the ability to hold 2 electrons. If we are thinking about the formation of hydrogen molecule by hydrogen atoms, the merely one electron of hydrogen atom is filled in the initial S sub shell. Filling one electron inside a subshell where 2 electrons may be kept creates imbalance and so the atom looks to talk about its electron with another atom. So, it undergoes a mutual sharing of electrons with another hydrogen atom to make a hydrogen molecule.
Electrons thus really are like youngsters. They develop stress from the home and discover friendship with neighboring electrons to get happy and stable! Isn’t it fun. This fun behavior of electrons will be the reason for all of the development we view around us. Learning about it also is really fun!